PUBLICATION ETHICS AND MALPRACTICE STATEMENT
IJSER journal were committed to ensuring ethics in publication and quality of articles. Conformance to standards of ethical behavior is therefore expected of all parties involved: Authors, Editors, Reviewers, and the Publisher. In particular, IJSER journal is peer-reviewed journal in engineering sciences. This statement is explained the ethical behavior of all parties involved in the act of publishing an article for its journal. This statement is based on internationally accepted Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors. IJSER journal is the product of the joint efforts of the authors, journal editors and the peer reviewers. Therefore, it is of great importance to agree upon standards of expected ethical behavior. The ethics standard is based on the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
Publication Malpractice Statement
- Editor is responsible for deciding which articles submitted to IJSER will be published.
- Editor is guided by the policies of the Journal's Editorial Board, taking into account the quality of papers, their originality, relevance, and readability, and their accord with the aims and scopes of the journal.
- Editor is obliged to provide clear and transparent guidelines for Authors in preparing manuscripts for publishing. Instructions for Authors are available at the journal's website. Instructions for Authors are published in the first Issue of every Volume.
- Editor is obliged to provide clear and transparent guidelines for Peer Reviewers, to provide confidentiality of peer review and to protect Peer Reviewers' identity. Instructions for Reviewers are available at the journal's website. Instructions for Reviewers and List of Peer Reviewers for every year are published in the last Volume.
- Editor and Editorial Board take into account legal requirements in force regarding libel, copyright infringement, and
- Editor is due to react if there is any justified suspicion about ethical misconduct in both published and unpublished papers.
- Editor must hold no conflict of interest with regard to the articles considered for publication. If Editor feels that there is likely to be a perception of a conflict of interest, the selection of reviewers and all decisions on the paper shall be made by the Editorial Board. Since the identity of the authors and reviewers is unknown to each other, the Editor is obliged to guarantee their anonymity.
- Author/s warrants that his/her/their manuscript is an original work that has not been published before and is not under consideration for publication elsewhere either in printed or electronic form.
- Authors warrant that all who have contributed significantly to the manuscript are indicated as authors.
- Authors warrant that the rights of third parties will not be violated and that the publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.
- Authors are exclusively responsible for the contents of their submissions, the validity of the results and must make sure that they have permission from all involved parties to make the data public.
- Authors wishing to include figures, charts or text passages that have already been published elsewhere are required to obtain permission from the copyright holder(s) and to include evidence that such permission has been granted when submitting their papers. Any material received without such evidence will be assumed to originate from the authors.
- It is the responsibility of each author to ensure that papers submitted to IJSER journal are written with ethical standards in mind and that they do not contain plagiarism. Authors affirm that the article contains no unfounded or unlawful statements and does not violate the rights of others.
- When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her/their own published work, it is the author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal Editor or publisher and cooperate with the Editor to retract or correct the paper.
Procedures for Dealing with Unethical Behaviour
Anyone may inform the editors and/or Editorial Staff at any time of suspected unethical behavior or any type of misconduct by giving the necessary information/evidence to start an investigation.
Editor-in-Chief will consult with the Section Editors on decisions regarding the initiation of an investigation. During an investigation, any evidence should be treated as strictly confidential and only made available to those strictly involved in investigating. The accused will always be given the chance to respond to any charges made against them. If it is judged at the end of the investigation that misconduct has occurred, then it will be classified as either minor or serious.
Minor misconduct will be dealt directly with those involved without involving any other parties, e.g.:
- Communicating with authors/reviewers whenever a minor issue involving misunderstanding or misapplication of academic standards has occurred.
- A warning letter to an author or reviewer regarding fairly minor misconduct.
Editor-in-Chief, in consultation with the Section Editors, and, when appropriate, further consultation with a small group of experts should make any decision regarding the course of action to be taken using the evidence available. The possible outcomes are as follows (these can be used separately or jointly):
- Publication of a formal announcement or editorial describing the misconduct.
- Informing the author's (or reviewer's) head of department or employer of any misconduct by means of a formal letter.
- The formally announced retraction of publications from the journal in accordance with the Retraction Policy.
- A ban on submissions from an individual for a defined period.
- Referring a case to a professional organization or legal authority for further investigation and action.
When dealing with unethical behaviour, the Editorial Staff will rely on the guidelines and recommendations provided by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).
The views expressed in the published works do not express the views of the Editors and Editorial Staff. The authors take legal and moral responsibility for the ideas expressed in the articles. Publisher shall have no liability in the event of the issuance of any claims for damages. The Publisher will not be held legally responsible should there be any claims for compensation.
Peer Review Process
IJSER is a double-blind peer-reviewed journal. All submitted manuscripts are initially pre-reviewed by the Editorial Board, who reserves the right to accept or reject the manuscript.
If the Editorial Board concludes that the manuscript is within the scope of the journal and meets the standards and requirements for publication, the Editor proceeds to send the manuscript to two peer reviewers recommended by the Editorial Board. Reviewers are chosen based on their eminence and competence in the research area to which the submitted manuscripts are related.
Reviewers are selected from the highest university teaching and research titles. The choice of reviewers is at the discretion of the Editor and the Editorial Board. The Journal list of reviewers is updated and expanded with new reviewers annually.
Reviewers must not have a conflict of interest with respect to the authors. If such conflicts exist, the reviewers must report them to the Editor without delay. The reviewer that feels unqualified to review the research reported in the particular manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the Editor.
Reviewers are obliged to send the review to the Editorial Board within three weeks upon receipt of the manuscript. Reviews must be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is deemed inappropriate. Reviewers are expected to express their views clearly, with supporting arguments. If there is any justified suspicion about plagiarism or ethical misconduct in the manuscript, the peer reviewer is obliged to inform the Editor about it.
Reviewers should alert the Editor to any well-founded suspicions or the knowledge of possible violations of ethical standards by the authors. Reviewers should recognize relevant published works that have not been cited by the authors and alert the Editor to substantial similarities between a reviewed manuscript and any manuscript published or under consideration for publication elsewhere, in the event, they are aware of such. Reviewers should also alert the Editor to a parallel submission of the same manuscript to another journal, in the event they are aware of such.
Manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. Reviews are conducted in a standardized way by using the Peer Review Form, which is, along with Instructions for Reviewers, sent by the Editor to reviewers without revealing the author’s identity.
Reviewer must fill in data related to the manuscript (title, the area of research, the subject of analysis, adequacy of methodology and interpretation, quality of literature used).
In the Reviewer’s Conclusions section, the peer reviewer needs to check the category of the paper appropriate for the reviewed manuscript (original scientific article or review article), and proceed to check one of the three following options:
- Paper to be published as it is;
- Paper to be published with mandatory changes with a relevant explanation;
- Paper should not be published with appropriate explanation.
In the next section, the peer reviewer is requested to fill in his/her name, surname, title, the full name of the institution where he/she is employed and the place and date of the peer-review. These data are confidential and stay with the Editorial Board, and are not sent to the author of the reviewed manuscript. During the review process, reviewers act independently, and without insight into each other’s identities. In cases where the manuscript receives diverging reviews (a positive and a negative one), the Editor will assign an additional reviewer.
Authors that receive conditionally positive reviews are required to take into account the comments made by the reviewers, or if they do not wish to do so, they can withdraw their submissions and report their decision immediately to the Editor. Authors are required to send the amended manuscripts to the Journal within 15 days after they received the reviews. The final evaluation of the manuscripts related to the fulfillment of reviewers’ requests is made by the Editor and the Editorial Board.
The IJSER Journal is issued 4 times a year (Quarterly).
The Procedure for Submitting an Article
Authors who want to submit their article for publishing in our journal Issues in IJSER need to be well informed about the Authors' Guidelines, which you can find HERE.
Authors need to register an account on our web page in order to publish their works, in a process which consists of five easy steps.
The Editorial Board of IJSER will notify the author afterwards about any potential changes, and if the work is accepted for publishing within the decisions made during the peer review process of the article.
Authors must make sure that all only contributors who have significantly contributed to the submission are listed as authors and, conversely, that all contributors who have significantly contributed to the submission are listed as authors. If persons other than authors were involved in important aspects of the research project and the preparation of the manuscript, their contribution should be acknowledged in a footnote or the Acknowledgments section.
Acknowledgement of Sources
Authors are required to properly cite sources that have significantly influenced their research and their manuscript. Information received in a private conversation or correspondence with third parties, in reviewing project applications, manuscripts, and similar materials must not be used without the express written consent of the information source.
Plagiarism, where someone assumes another's ideas, words, or other forms of creative expression as one's own, is a clear violation of scientific ethics. Plagiarism may also involve a violation of copyright law, punishable by legal action. Plagiarism may constitute the following:
- Word-for-word, or almost word-for-word copying, or purposely paraphrasing portions of another author's work without clearly indicating the source or marking the copied fragment (for example, by using quotation marks);
- Copying figures or tables from someone else's paper without properly citing the source and/or without permission from the original author or the copyright holder.
Please note that all submissions are thoroughly checked for plagiarism. Any paper which shows obvious signs of plagiarism will be automatically rejected.
If an attempt at plagiarism is found in a paper after having been published in IJSER, the author will be required to publish a written apology to the authors of the original paper, and further collaboration with the author of plagiarized papers will be terminated.
Manuscripts published in the Journal shall remain extant, exact and unaltered as long as it is possible. However, occasionally, circumstances may arise where a published manuscript will later have been retracted. The main reason for withdrawal or retraction is to correct the mistakes overseen in the period prior to publishing with the aim of preserving the integrity of science and not for the purpose of punishing the author.
Legal limitations of the publisher, copyright holder or author(s), infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submissions, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like require retraction of an article. Occasionally a retraction can be used to correct errors in submission or publication.
Standards for dealing with retractions have been developed by a number of library and scholarly bodies, and this practice has also been adopted by IJSER. In the electronic version of the original article, an HTML link is made to the retraction note where it is clearly stated that the article has been retracted. The original article is retained unchanged; save for a watermark in the PDF indicating on each page that it is “retracted.”
All articles in IJSER are published under the terms of the Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International ( CC BY-SA 4.0), which allows authors and users to Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format for any purpose, even commercially, and Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material for any purpose, even commercially.
Copyright on any research article published by IJSER is retained by the author(s).
Authors grant to the IJSER right to publish the article, to be cited as its original publisher in case of reuse, and to distribute it in all forms and media. Copyright and source must be acknowledged and a link must be made to the article's DOI.
Authors grant to the Publisher the following rights to the manuscript, including any supplemental material, and any parts, extracts or elements thereof:
- the right to reproduce and distribute the Manuscript in printed form, including print-on-demand;
- the right to translate the Manuscript into other languages;
- the right to reproduce the Manuscript using photomechanical or similar means including, but not limited to photocopy, and the right to distribute these reproductions;
- the right to reproduce and distribute the Manuscript electronically or optically on any and all data carriers or storage media – especially in machine-readable/digitalized form on data carriers such as hard drive, CD-ROM, DVD, Blu-ray Disc (BD), Mini-Disk, data tape – and the right to reproduce and distribute the Article via these data carriers;
- the right to store the Manuscript in databases, including online databases, and the right of transmission of the Manuscript in all technical systems and modes;
- the right to make the Manuscript available to the public or to closed user groups on individual demand, for use on monitors or other readers (including e-books), and in printable form for the user, either via the internet, other online services, or via internal or external networks.
Authors grant to the publisher the right to publish the article, to be cited as its original publisher in case of reuse, and to distribute it in all forms and media. The authors reserve the following rights:
- The right to share electronic or print copies of the article with others;
- The right to use all or part of the article in their future lectures, books, or edited volumes in non-commercial and commercial use;
- The right to use the article within an employer’s institution for educational or research purposes;
- The right to post an electronic version of the article on their personal website or blog, on employer’s website/repository and on free public servers in the subject
While realizing these rights, the authors need to provide full reference and explicit acknowledgement of the initial appearance of the article in IJSER.
Electronic versions of the accepted article must include a link to the published version of the article together with the following text. The definitive version is available at https://ijser.aliraqia.edu.iq/index.php/IJSER/issue/archive. Authors also grant any third party the right to use the article freely as long as its original authors, citation details and publisher are identified, along with a link to an electronic version of the article, including the type of license as specified in the Journal. Use of the article in whole or part in any medium requires attribution suitable in form and content. This text (title) is derivative of the article (title) of the author (name and last name), published in IJSER (volume, year). For any reuse or distribution, users must include the copyright notice and make clear to others that the article is made available under a Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International ( CC BY-SA 4.0)., linking to the relevant Creative Commons web page. The Creative Commons Attribution License does not affect the moral rights of authors, including without limitation the right not to have their work subjected to derogatory treatment. It also does not affect any other rights held by authors or third parties regarding the article, including the rights of privacy and publicity. Upon acceptance of the manuscript and before the manuscript is published, the author or the corresponding author (for manuscripts with more than one author) will be asked to sign a warranty and copyright agreement.
Digital archiving policy
IJSER uses Iraqi Academic Scientific Journals as an archiving plan for electronic backup and preservation of access to the journal content.
Similarity Check by Crossref
The policy of screening for plagiarism for editorial originality, Similarity Check helps our editors compare the text of submitted papers for similarity. This is for editors who want an extra check. It helps our members to actively engage in efforts to prevent scholarly and professional plagiarism by providing their editorial teams with access to Turnitin powerful text comparison tool, iThenticate.
License Terms for this work is licensed under a Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International ( CC BY-SA 4.0).
Abstracting and Indexing
CrossRef , Google Scholar, ROAD (Directory of Open Access Scholarly Resources), Bielefeld University Library, Directory Indexing of International Research Journals.
College of Engineering, Al-Iraqia University, IRAQ.
Protection of Research Participants (Statement On Human And Animal Rights)
Adopted from ICMJE Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing, and Publication of Scholarly work in Medical Journals (http://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/roles-and-responsibilities/protection-of-research-participants.html).
When reporting experiments on people, authors should indicate whether the procedures followed were in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional and national), or if no formal ethics committee is available, with the Helsinki Declaration as revised in 2008. If doubt exists whether the research was conducted in accordance with the Helsinki Declaration, the authors must explain the rationale for their approach and demonstrate that the institutional review body explicitly approved the doubtful aspects of the study.
Patients have a right to privacy that should not be violated without informed consent
Identifying information, including names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, or pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. Informed consent for this purpose requires that an identifiable patient be shown the manuscript to be published. Authors should disclose to these patients whether any potential identifiable material might be available via the Internet as well as in print after publication. Patient consent should be written and archived with the journal, the authors, or both, as dictated by local regulations or laws. Applicable laws vary from locale to locale, and journals should establish their own policies with legal guidance. Since a journal that archives the consent will be aware of patient identity, some journals may decide that patient confidentiality is better guarded by having the author archive the consent and instead providing the journal with a written statement that attests that they have received and archived written patient consent.
Nonessential identifying details should be omitted. Informed consent should be obtained if there is any doubt that anonymity can be maintained. For example, masking the eye region in photographs of patients is inadequate protection of anonymity. If identifying characteristics are de-identified, authors should provide assurance, and editors should so note, that such changes do not distort scientific meaning.
The requirement for informed consent should be included in the journal’s instructions for authors. When informed consent has been obtained, it should be indicated in the published article.
When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether institutional and national standards for the care and use of laboratory animals were followed. Further guidance on animal research ethics is available from the International Association of Veterinary Editors’ Consensus Author Guidelines on Animal Ethics and Welfare
Conflict of Interest Policy
Adopted from Conflict of Interest in Peer-Reviewed Medical Journals which is prepared by WAME Editorial Policy and Publication Ethics Committees. Articles would be published with statements or supporting documents declaring:
Authors’ conflicts of interest; and sources of support for the work, including sponsor names along with explanations of the role of those sources if any in study design; collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; writing of the report; the decision to submit the report for publication; or a statement declaring that the supporting source had no such involvement; and whether the authors had access to the study data, with an explanation of the nature and extent of access, including whether access is on-going.
To support the above statements, editors may request that authors of a study sponsored by a funder with a proprietary or financial interest in the outcome sign a statement, such as “I had full access to all of the data in this study and I take complete responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis.”