Two-Dimensional Transformation of a Conventional Manufacturer into a Smart Manufacturer: Architectonic Design, Maintenance Strategies and Applications

  • Maryam Abdulhakeem Hailan College of Engineering, Al-Iraqia University, Saba’a Abkar Compex, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Baraa M. Albaker College of Engineering, Al-Iraqia University, Saba’a Abkar Compex, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Muwafaq Shyaa Alwan College of Engineering, Al-Iraqia University, Saba’a Abkar Compex, Baghdad, Iraq
الكلمات المفتاحية: Industry 4.0, Internet of things, artificial intelligence, smart manufacturers, IIoT, hierarchical architecture


Today, Internet of Things (IoT) plays an important role in emerging industries. Due to that, it is considered as a major focus for research in academic and industrial fields in recent years. The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) is an assembly of industrial automation, control systems, and Internet of Things (IoT) systems. The broad goals of IIoT can increase work efficiency and productivity, improving asset management through product customization, intelligent monitoring of production applications, and preventive and predictive maintenance of industrial equipment. This article provides a comprehensive list of up-to-date researches carried to transform conventional manufacturers into smart manufacturers by focusing on the two-dimensional dominant key enabling technologies, IIoT and Artificial Intelligence (AI). An IIoT-based generic hieratical architecture is proposed for a smart manufacturer to handle different manufacturer tasks and communication protocols. In addition, current industrial maintenance goals and strategies with major application domains in the transformation to industry 4.0 are carried out.


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